Asian Elephant Conservation Programme in Bangladesh

Key activities of phase 1: (2001 – 2003)

  • Determination of elephant population size, trends and ranges of the Asian elephants in Bangladesh;
  • Local capacity and awareness enhancement for community participating in the future conservation and management initiatives;
  • Identification and prioritization of threats facing the elephants in Bangladesh;
  • Assessment of habitat condition of the Asian elephants in a selected habitat;
  • Assessment of economic loss caused by the elephants and analysis of human elephant conflict in a selected site;
  • Recommendations towards a nationally representative management guideline.

Key activities of phase 2: (2004 – 2005)

  • Enhancement of elephant fodder in two selected habitat management intervention sites;
  • Threat minimization or conflict resolution;
  • Enhancement of local capacity and awareness for elephant conservation;
  • Devising key sites management planning.

Key activities of phase 3: (2006 – 2008)

  • Fodder plantation involving local communities;
  • Negotiating and convincing the Forest Department for elephant fodder plantation;
  • Networking with existing initiatives on elephant conservation;
  • Mapping of elephant corridors and human-elephant conflict prone areas;
  • Capacity building of local stakeholders on elephant conservation and conflict reduction;
  • Awareness programs on elephant conservation at local and national levels;
  • Demonstration of bio-fencing;
  • Facilitating the community to replicate bio-fencing;
  • Assisting local community with tools to tackle elephant attack;
  • Advocacy with the government for operationalization of the draft compensation guideline.

Key activities of phase 4: (2010 – 2011)

  • Mapping of elephant movement paths, corridors and human elephant conflict areas of whole south-east Bangladesh;
  • Publication of communication and awareness materials and erection of hoardings using data on corridors / human elephant conflict areas;
  • Sensitization of selected government agencies in human elephant conflict prone areas on human elephant conflict;
  • Organize local (for communities and schools), regional and national level awareness programs.

Supported by
US Fish and Wildlife Services

Project duration
8 years in four phases (2001 to 2011)

Project area
All the elephant ranges of Bangladesh

Implemented by
IUCN Bangladesh Country Office