The lingering populations of Asian elephants continue to be curtailed by the consequences of frequent habitat loss and fragmentation, food scarcity, encroachment, human-elephant conflicts, and illegal killing. During the last 50 years of the last century, population of Asian Elephant dropped by more than a half. Currently, Asian elephants are spread across 13 countries, and frequently in habitats that are too small and perilous for their survival. In Bangladesh, with a small population size, with sustaining threats and aggravating challenges, the survival of Asian Elephants is even more difficult compared with other Asian elephant range countries, and therefore has been locally categorized as ‘Critically Endangered’. It is thus indispensable to gather information on the current status of Asian elephants of the country. Current initiative will help to take proper management options to conserve this mega species.